Old Drawings from 1875

I found a few 1875 drawings at our National Archives, and was allowed to photograph them, here a few strongly reduced examples, shot with an amazingly TINY Canon Elph digital camera with 1600x1200 resolution - I carried the camera to the archives in my hip pocket.

The camera is no larger than this! (And I'm not known for having large hands! ;-)

Unfortunately, the drawings that exist at the archives are not factory drawings, just copies made in Hango for workshop use, and most of them without any measures (except for the cab, below) - probably made for manufacturing of spare parts. What I would need would be construction drawings, so I can build the model.

If you have any info about this (or a similar Baldwin) type - especially sources of drawings - I'd be grateful for any information.


Also, thanks to a railfan, I succeeded in getting a copy of a copy of a large general overview drawing, but again, not a factory drawing, but one made in Hango in 1875. Unfortunately, as you can see, when the first copy was made, the original was already in pretty bad shape, so some lines are obscured in folds and frays, and the re-copying has not helped... The tender drawing is in a lot better condition, but so it was made almost 20 years later, in 1893! With these drawings, I'm getting a good start building my loco, but more details are always appreciated - so if you have any Baldwin-specific stuff from around 1870-75, do contact me!

To download and print
these old and unique
historical drawings
in 1:8 scale, see below!


These drawings are also AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD! Right-click LOCO side view, LOCO front view, or TENDER to download and save the files on your computer. The files are in .gif format, approx. 600 K and 300 K, and are in 1:8 scale if viewed or printed at 100 dpi - the sizes of the drawing are then 75 x 150 cm, (30" x 50"), 30 x 55 cm (12" x 22") and 67 x 135 cm (27" x 45"), respectively!

Our National Achives ("Kansallisarkisto" in Finnish, "Riksarkivet" in Swedish, and "Archivvm Finlandiae Pvblicvm" in Latin...) have several more drawings in storage, and are restoring/conserving them at the moment. I visited them a second time, and shot almost one hundred digital pictures for reference for my model building - from the general assembly drawing to even the smallest details, such as the truck's pivot, tender water cocks and even the safety valve spring cylinder... I can't share them all with you, the limitations are not only the work in preparing them for the web, but also in my server space and upload speed... But below are three fine examples (600 pixel wide) of the originals - wonderful delicacy in line and watercoloring!

  The Finnish National Archives in the 1890's, when
  the Baldwin 3003 loco was doing quite a few of the
  more than one million kilometers it ran over its lifetime!

The large images below are reduced to about 50% - the originals are 1600 x 1200 pixels, hardly suitable for web browsing! The incredibly tiny (deck of cards-sized) Canon digital camera miraculously has captured even the paper's texture - even though the conditions for photography weren't the best: harsh overhead lights that cast a colored shadow of yours truly over the huge drawings (many of them showing parts life-size, it's a 30cm / 12" ruler in the shot at left!), necessitating the use of the camera's tiny flash. I have retouched away most of my shadow on these images, a very time-consuming procedure if you strive for perfection - something I've not accomplished here, witnessed by the coloured blotches still present - but compare with the unretouched original at left...

Some time ago I bought, via Camden in the UK, a fantastic 658-page book, "Modern Locomotive Construction, 1892", a Lindsay Publication facsimile reprint, ISBN 1-55918-144-3. This book contains practically all you need to know to design and build a typical American steam loco of the late 19th century, here just a couple of samples:

The book is incredibly rich, even goes into the computation of stresses & strength of all the loco parts, and also presents practically every part of a locomotive in great detail in both text and pictures. This is a book I can really recommend for anyone interested in the minute details of locomotive contruction of a hundred years ago. To me, it has given hours of interested reading, and many ideas on how to produce parts for my model locomotive.

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