Vintage pictures of the Baldwin 4-4-0s

This is the Baldwin 3154, sister engine to the 3003, renumbered 107 when it was bought from the bankrupt private Hango-Hyvinge RR by the Finnish State RR Co. in 1875. The engines were named, not numbered, when owned by the private company.

In 1887, all the Baldwin engines were once more renumbered, this one to no. 69. So, from the numbering it can be determined that this picture has been shot between 1875 and 1887. It is probably one of the very first photos of this engine, still in the livery of the private Hango-Hyvinge RR.

All these Baldwins were used for passenger, freight as well as mixed service. Their maximum possible speed was 80 km/h (50 mph), but the light track imposed a speed limit of only some 45 km/h (30 mph). They all ran a little over 1 million kilometers (600,000 miles) each, except the BLW 3151, which was scrapped after its frame was badly bent in a 1901 head-on collision, the first serious accident on Finnish rails.

Here's a list of the names and numbers these locomotives had during their operational years:

BLW serial no.
& build year
in year
HYVINGE 101 63 2998 - 1872 1913
HANGO 102 64 3003 - 1872 1911
EKENAS 103 65 2999 - 1872 1911
PIPPING 104 66 3002 - 1872 1911
VON TRAPP 105 67 3151 - 1873 1901
PETROFSKY 106 68 3153 - 1873 1915
WINBERG 107 69 3154 - 1873 1912
JAKOBY 108 70 3155 - 1873 1913
ZILLIACUS 109 71 3156 - 1873 1918

Steaming up in front of the roundhouse. This is a later shot (around 1900) than the one on top of this page, the original Radley-Hunter smokestack has been exchanged for a domestic one, not at all as impressive...

This is the actual 3003, renumbered, first to no. 102, later to no. 64. Engineer and fireman are proudly posing in front of it.

The brasswork was kept polished - the Baldwins were the flagships of the Hango-Hyvinge line for many decades.

The Hango RR station in 1893. By this time, many changes had been made to the Baldwins, which had already seen 20 years of service: injectors had replaced the crosshead pumps, steam brakes were installed as well as new smokestacks, just to name a few examples.

Note the tri-lingual sign on the building: Swedish, Finnish and Russian. At this time, Finland was a Grand Duchy under the Russian Empire. We declared independency on December 6th, 1917, after the Russian revolution.

Five American Baldwins 4-4-0s, and a 0-6-0 Sigl made in Austria, can be seen inside the Hango roundhouse. This roundhouse was destroyed by the Russians in 1914. Below, a drawing of the Hango loco workshops in 1908:

A = Workshops
B = Office
C = Blacksmith's shop
D = Pump house
F = Generator room
G = Boiler room
H = Foreman's office
I = Storage room
J = Roundhouse
K = Sheet metal shop

Nothing exists of these buildings anymore, nor of the Baldwins.

To my knowledge, only three large-scale models of the Hango-Hyvinge 4-4-0 Baldwins have ever been built:

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